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|Title:||The spermatozoon of the Old Endemic Australo-Papuan and Philippine rodents - its morphological diversity and evolution|
|Citation:||Acta Zoologica, 2010; 91(3):279-294|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Science Ltd|
|William G. Breed and Christopher M. Leigh|
|Abstract:||The spermatozoon of most murine rodents contains a head in which there is a characteristic apical hook, whereas most old endemic Australian murines, which are part of a broader group of species that also occur in New Guinea and the Philippines, have a far more complex sperm form with two additional ventral processes. Here we ask the question: what is the sperm morphology of the New Guinea and Philippines species and what are the trends in evolutionary changes of sperm form within this group? The results show that, within New Guinea, most species have a highly complex sperm morphology like the Australian rodents, but within the Pogonomys Division some species have a simpler sperm morphology with no ventral processes. Amongst the Philippines species, many have a sperm head with a single apical hook, but in three Apomys species the sperm head contains two additional small ventral processes, with two others having cockle-shaped sperm heads. When these findings are plotted on a molecular phylogeny, the results suggest that independent and convergent evolution of highly complex sperm heads containing two ventral processes has evolved in several separate lineages. These accessory structures may support the sperm head apical hook during egg coat penetration. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.|
|Rights:||© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences|
|Appears in Collections:||Anatomical Sciences publications|
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