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Type: Journal article
Title: Trade and transport in Central Asia
Author: Pomfret, R.
Citation: Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies, 2010; 2(3):237-256
Publisher: Sage Publications
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0974-9101
Statement of
Richard Pomfret
Abstract: Until 1991 Central Asia was part of the integrated economic space of the Soviet Union without borders and with a relatively effi cient transport network, but oriented toward the needs of the Soviet economy. The role of the Central Asian republics in the Soviet division of labor was as providers of raw materials, primarily cotton, minerals, and energy products; roads and railways led north or west to the Russian republic, and eastern and southern borders were effectively closed to trade. Since independence the Central Asian countries have continued to exploit their comparative advantage in raw material exports, but their trade has been hampered by poor transport facilities and by failure to improve the soft infrastructure of trade. Being landlocked exacerbates these weaknesses, but location could be turned to advantage as Central Asia is adjacent to the world’s most dynamic large economies. To benefi t from this the hard and soft infrastructure of transport and trade need upgrading, and regional cooperation to facilitate transit is needed to stimulate intra- and extra-regional trade.
Keywords: Central Asia; trade; transport; infrastructure
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020102093
DOI: 10.1177/097491011000200302
Appears in Collections:Economics publications

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