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Type: Journal article
Title: Mechanics of atoms and fullerenes in single-walled carbon nanotubes. II. Oscillatory behaviour
Author: Cox, B.
Thamwattana, N.
Hill, J.
Citation: Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 2007; 463(2078):477-494
Publisher: Royal Soc London
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 1364-5021
Statement of
Barry J. Cox, Ngamta Thamwattana and James M. Hill
Abstract: The discovery of carbon nanotubes and C60 fullerenes has created an enormous impact on possible new nanomechanical devices. Owing to their unique mechanical and electronic properties, such as low weight, high strength, flexibility and thermal stability, carbon nanotubes andC60 fullerenes are of considerable interest to researchers from many scientific areas. One aspect that has attracted much attention is the creation of high-frequency nanoscale oscillators, or the so-called gigahertz oscillators, for applications such as ultrafast optical filters and nano-antennae. While there are difficulties for micromechanical oscillators, or resonators, to reach a frequency in the gigahertz range, it is possible for nanomechanical systems to achieve this. This study focuses on C60–single-walled carbon nanotube oscillators, which generate high frequencies owing to the oscillatory motion of the C60 molecule inside the single-walled carbon nanotube. Using the Lennard-Jones potential, the interaction energy of an offsetC60 molecule inside a carbon nanotube is determined, so as to predict its position with reference to the cross-section of the carbon nanotube. By considering the interaction force between the C60 fullerene and the carbon nanotube, this paper provides a simple mathematical model, involving two Dirac delta functions, which can be used to capture the essential mechanisms underlying such gigahertz oscillators. As a preliminary to the calculation, the oscillatory behaviour of an isolated atom is examined. The new element of this study is the use of elementary mechanics and applied mathematical modelling in a scientific context previously dominated by molecular dynamical simulation.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes
fullerenes C60
gigahertz oscillators
Lennard-Jones potential
Dirac delta functions
Rights: Copyright 2006 The Royal Society
DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2006.1772
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Mathematical Sciences publications

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