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Type: Journal article
Title: Geometric polyhedral models for nanotubes comprising hexagonal lattices
Author: Cox, B.
Hill, J.
Citation: Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 2011; 235(13 Sp Iss):3943-3952
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0377-0427
Statement of
Barry J. Cox, James M. Hill
Abstract: Two new models for the geometric structure of nanotubes comprising hexagonal lattices are described. The existing models for nanotubes typically involve rolled up planar sheets and ignore discrepancies due to curvature. The first of the models presented here assumes that all atomic locations are equidistant from the tube axis which applies for single species nanotubes such as carbon nanotubes. This model assumes that all bond angles and all bond lengths are equal in the cylindrical state, and that all atoms are equidistant from the tube axis, and from these three assumptions, expressions are given for the major geometric parameters. The second model extends this notion to tubes where all the atomic locations are not equidistant from the tube axis, which may be employed to model nanotubes comprising two chemical species that bond into a hexagonal lattice such as boron nitride nanotubes. In the second model, all bond lengths are taken to be equal and the atoms of the same species are taken to be equidistant from the tube axis, and the nanotube is assumed to comprise two species and thus there may be two radii. Fundamental to both models is the determination of a solution of a transcendental equation. Here we present a new formal Lagrange expansion of the solution. Previously given asymptotic series expansions of the exact formulae for both models lead to the conventional expressions as the leading order term. Although the correction terms are typically small, knowledge of the precise structure may be critical to comprehending many nanoscale phenomena. The new models also give rise to an expression for the wall thickness, an important geometric parameter for which at present no reliable information is available.
Keywords: Carbon nanotubes
Boron nitride nanotubes
Geometric models
Continuum models
Wall thickness
Rights: Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Mathematical Sciences publications

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