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|Title:||Cluster hanging suicides in the young in South Australia|
Van Den Heuvel, C.
|Citation:||Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2011; 56(6):1528-1530|
|Publisher:||Amer Soc Testing Materials|
|Amy E. Austin, Corinna van den Heuvel and Roger W. Byard|
|Abstract:||Retrospective review of hanging suicides in individuals aged ≤17 years was undertaken at Forensic Science South Australia, Australia, over two 5-year periods: 1995–1999 and 2005–2009. Seven cases of hanging suicides were identified from 1995 to 1999, with a further 14 cases from 2005 to 2009, an increase of 100% (p < 0.001). Hanging accounted for 33.3% of all suicides in this age group (7/21) from 1995 to 1999, compared with 93.3% of the total number of suicides (14/15) in the second 5-year period. In contrast, Australian national data from 1998 and 2008 showed a 30% decrease in hanging suicides in the young, from one case/100,000 population in 1998 to 0.7 in 2008. Cluster suicides occur in the young and are often initiated by direct communication. As it is possible that Internet-based social sites may facilitate this phenomenon, investigations should include an evaluation of the victim’s Internet access given the potential risk of similar actions by peers.|
|Keywords:||forensic science; suicide; hanging; cluster; children; adolescents; Internet|
|Rights:||© 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences|
|Appears in Collections:||Pathology publications|
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