Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/68976
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Type: Journal article
Title: Cluster hanging suicides in the young in South Australia
Author: Austin, A.
Van Den Heuvel, C.
Byard, R.
Citation: Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2011; 56(6):1528-1530
Publisher: Amer Soc Testing Materials
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0022-1198
1556-4029
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Amy E. Austin, Corinna van den Heuvel and Roger W. Byard
Abstract: Retrospective review of hanging suicides in individuals aged ≤17 years was undertaken at Forensic Science South Australia, Australia, over two 5-year periods: 1995–1999 and 2005–2009. Seven cases of hanging suicides were identified from 1995 to 1999, with a further 14 cases from 2005 to 2009, an increase of 100% (p < 0.001). Hanging accounted for 33.3% of all suicides in this age group (7/21) from 1995 to 1999, compared with 93.3% of the total number of suicides (14/15) in the second 5-year period. In contrast, Australian national data from 1998 and 2008 showed a 30% decrease in hanging suicides in the young, from one case/100,000 population in 1998 to 0.7 in 2008. Cluster suicides occur in the young and are often initiated by direct communication. As it is possible that Internet-based social sites may facilitate this phenomenon, investigations should include an evaluation of the victim’s Internet access given the potential risk of similar actions by peers.
Keywords: forensic science; suicide; hanging; cluster; children; adolescents; Internet
Rights: © 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences
RMID: 0020114868
DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01840.x
Appears in Collections:Pathology publications

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