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Type: Journal article
Title: Oil rents, corruption, and state stability: Evidence from panel data regressions
Author: Arezki, Rabah
Bruckner, Markus
Citation: European Economic Review, 2011; 55(7):955-963
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0014-2921
School/Discipline: School of Economics
Statement of
Rabah Arezki, Markus Brückner
Abstract: We examine the effects of oil rents on corruption and state stability exploiting the exogenous within-country variation of a new measure of oil rents for a panel of 30 oil-exporting countries during the period 1992–2005. We find that an increase in oil rents significantly increases corruption, significantly deteriorates political rights while at the same time leading to a significant improvement in civil liberties. We argue that these findings can be explained by the political elite having an incentive to extend civil liberties but reduce political rights in the presence of oil windfalls to evade redistribution and conflict. We support our argument documenting that there is a significant effect of oil rents on corruption in countries with a high share of state participation in oil production while no such link exists in countries where state participation in oil production is low.
Keywords: Oil rents; Corruption; State stability; State participation
Rights: Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020113562
DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2011.03.004
Appears in Collections:Economics publications

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