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|Title:||Ultrastructural study of infectious bronchitis virus infection in infundibulum and magnum of commercial laying hens|
|Citation:||Veterinary Microbiology, 2007; 122(3-4):223-236|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|K. K. Chousalkar and J. R. Roberts|
|Abstract:||The infundibulum and magnum of the oviduct were examined in hens in full lay which were infected with two Australian strains of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). The ultramicroscopic changes in the infundibulum and magnum were compared with control hens which had eggs at different positions in the oviduct. The ciliated and granular cells of the surface epithelia and secretory epithelial cells of the tubular glands were the target cells of IBV. No pathological changes were recorded during 2–8 days post-infection (p.i.). Patchy loss of cilia occurred at 10–14 days p.i. Between 16 and 24 days p.i., there was no cilia loss and lymphoid nodules were observed in the muscularis layer of the infundibulum and magnum of some hens from both infected groups. Virus particles were detected mostly in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and Golgi complex between 10 and 12 days p.i. Cytopathology was noticed in various cell organelles between the 10th and 14th days p.i. There was an increase in RER deposits in infected cells, irrespective of egg position in the oviduct. The magnum was more affected than the infundibulum. Cellular changes were more severe in the infundibulum and magnum of T-infected hens as compared to N1/88-infected hens. Eggs with watery whites which were laid by infected hens could be attributed to cytopathological changes in the granular epithelial cells and tubular gland epithelial cells of the magnum resulting in reduced synthesis of albumen proteins. IBV can cause pathology in parts of the fully functional oviduct which may persist up to the 30th day p.i. However, both the challenge strains of IBV can cause a small number of hens to cease production. Loss of cilia in both the infundibulum and magnum pose a potential threat of secondary bacterial infection and also may affect fertility in breeder hens.|
|Keywords:||IBV; hens; ELISA; TEM; SEM; oviduct; ultrastructure|
|Rights:||© 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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