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Type: Journal article
Title: Wheat grain yield response to and translocation of foliar-applied phosphorus
Author: McBeath, T.
McLaughlin, M.
Noack, S.
Citation: Crop and Pasture Science, 2011; 62(1):58-65
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 1836-5795
Statement of
T. M. McBeath, M. J. McLaughlin, and S. R. Noack
Abstract: It is important to apply phosphorus (P) to the soil at the beginning of the crop growth cycle to provide essential P for early growth and to replace P exported in previous crops. With low rates of P added at sowing there may be sufficient P supply to grow crops to tillering, but in seasons of increased yield potential a top-up application of P may be required. Foliar P can be applied directly to the plant when required and in some cases have been shown to provide benefits for increasing P-use efficiency and the P concentration in grain. Wheat (Triticuum aestivum cv. Frame) was grown in two soils of marginal P status with soil moisture maintained at 80% of field capacity. Seven foliar P treatments labelled with 33P as a tracer were applied at Zadoks growth stage 39, at 1.65 kg P/ha with 120 L water/ha equivalent. Grain, chaff and shoots were harvested to measure yield and then digested to measure P concentrations and 33P activities. There was no crop response to top-up soil or foliar P on one soil, but on the other soil, foliar phosphoric acid plus adjuvant gave a 25% wheat grain yield response. The use of the tracing technique enabled measurement of the portioning of foliar P fertiliser between stem, chaff and grain. The most responsive treatment had the greatest amount of grain P uptake and the greatest partitioning of the foliar P fertiliser to grain.
Keywords: dryland cereals
isotopic tracing
nutrient management
Rights: Copyright CSIRO 2011
DOI: 10.1071/CP10237
Grant ID: ARC
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
Aurora harvest
Environment Institute publications

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