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|Title:||Photocatalytic treatment of high concentration carbamazepine in synthetic hospital wastewater|
|Citation:||Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2012; 199-200:135-142|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Meng Nan Chong and Bo Jin|
|Abstract:||Effective and sustainable treatment of hospital wastewater containing high concentration of pharmaceutical compounds presents a pivotal challenge to wastewater and environmental engineers worldwide. In this study, a titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) nanofiber based wastewater treatment process was assessed as a pre-treatment system to treat and enhance the biodegradability of a representative pharmaceutical compound, 5000 μg/L of carbamazepine (CBZ), in synthetic hospital wastewater. Results showed that the stand-alone TiO(2) pre-treatment system was capable of removing 78% of CBZ, 40% of COD and 23% of PO(4) concentrations from the influent wastewater within a 4h reaction time. High performance size exclusion chromatography demonstrated that a simultaneous biodegradability enhancement of hospital wastewater was observed, whereby an apparent shift in molecular weight from higher fraction (>10-1000 kDa) to a lower fraction (<10 kDa) was induced after 0.5h of photocatalytic treatment. Eventually, it was found that the photodegradation profile for high concentration CBZ in synthetic hospital wastewater was perfectly fitted to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics model. It is anticipated that this TiO(2) pre-treatment process can be further integrated with a biological wastewater treatment process to deliver treated hospital effluent of better quality that can minimise the associated human health and environmental risks.|
|Keywords:||Hospital wastewater; Carbamazepine; TiO2; Photocatalysis; Nanofiber; Pre-treatment|
|Rights:||© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
Environment Institute publications
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