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|Title:||Effect of flowing medium for a simply supported pipe subjected to impulse loading|
|Citation:||Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2011; 8(2):133-142|
|Publisher:||Engineers Media Pty. Ltd.|
|R Mohammad, A Kotousov, J Codrington and A Blazewicz|
|Abstract:||The primary aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a flowing medium on the transient response of a simply supported pipe subjected to dynamically applied loading. The importance of this study is manifested in numerous applications such as oil and gas transportation where dynamic loading can be the result of an accident. The classical Bernoulli-Euler beam theory is adopted to describe the dynamic behaviour of an elastic pipe and a new governing equation of a long pipe transporting gas or liquid is derived. This governing equation incorporates the effects of inertia, centrifugal and Coriolis forces due to the flowing medium. This equation can be normalised to demonstrate that only two non-dimensional parameters govern the static and dynamic response of the system incorporating a pipe and flowing medium. The transient response of this system is investigated based on a standard perturbation approach. Further, a numerical method utilising the finite difference method is developed and applied to investigate the dynamic response of a simply supported pipe. It is demonstrated that the previous dynamic models which largely ignore the internal flow effects and interactions between the flow and structure normally produce a large error and are inapplicable to the analysis of many practical situations. One interesting effect identified in the numerical study is that at certain flow ratio the system becomes dynamically unstable and any, even very small, external perturbation leads to a growing unstable dynamic behaviour. Such behaviour, which is called pipe whip, is well known to everyone who waters a garden using a flexible long hose.|
|Rights:||© Institution of Engineers Australia, 2011|
|Appears in Collections:||Mechanical Engineering publications|
Materials Research Group publications
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