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|Title:||Second-order Markov reward models driven by QBD processes|
|Citation:||Performance Evaluation, 2012; 69(9):440-445|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Nigel G. Bean, Małgorzata M. O’Reilly, Yong Ren|
|Abstract:||Second-order reward models are an important class of models for evaluating the performance of real-life systems in which the reward measure fluctuates according to some underlying noise. These models consist of a Markov chain driving the evolution of the system, and a continuous reward variable representing its performance. Thus far, only models with a finite number of states have been studied. We consider second-order reward models driven by Quasi-birth-and-death processes, a class of block-structured Markov chains with infinitely many states. We derive the expressions for the Laplace-Stieltjes transforms of the accumulated reward and demonstrate how they can be efficiently evaluated. We use our results to analyse a simple example and, in doing so, show that the second-order feature can make a significant difference to the accumulated reward. The inclusion of the second-order feature also creates new difficulties which require the development of new conditions in the analysis. Crown Copyright © 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
Quasi-birth-and-death (QBD) process
|Rights:||Crown copyright © 2012|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest|
Environment Institute publications
Mathematical Sciences publications
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