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dc.contributor.authorBaldock, K.en
dc.contributor.authorPaquet, C.en
dc.contributor.authorHoward, N.en
dc.contributor.authorCoffee, N.en
dc.contributor.authorHugo, G.en
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, A.en
dc.contributor.authorAdams, R.en
dc.contributor.authorDaniel, M.en
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Environmental and Public Health, 2012; 2012:1-11en
dc.descriptionExtent: 11p.en
dc.description.abstractA substantial body of research has arisen concerning the relationships between objective residential area features, particularly area-level socioeconomic status and cardiometabolic outcomes. Little research has explored residents’ perceptions of such features and how these might relate to cardiometabolic outcomes. Perceptions of environments are influenced by individual and societal factors, and may not correspond to objective reality. Understanding relations between environmental perceptions and health is important for the development of environment interventions. This study evaluated associations between perceptions of local built and social environmental attributes and metabolic syndrome, and tested whether walking behaviour mediated these associations. Individual-level data were drawn from a population-based biomedical cohort study of adults in Adelaide, South Australia (North West Adelaide Health Study). Participants’ local-area perceptions were analysed in cross-sectional associations with metabolic syndrome using multilevel regression models (n = 1,324). A nonparametric bootstrapping procedure evaluated whether walking mediated these associations. Metabolic syndrome was negatively associated with greater local land-use mix, positive aesthetics, and greater infrastructure for walking, and was positively associated with greater perceived crime and barriers to walking. Walking partially mediated associations between metabolic syndrome and perceived environmental features. Initiatives targeting residents’ perceptions of local areas may enhance the utility of environmental interventions to improve population health.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityKatherine Baldock, Catherine Paquet, Natasha Howard, Neil Coffee, Graeme Hugo, Anne Taylor, Robert Adams, and Mark Danielen
dc.publisherHindawi Publishing Corporationen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2012 Katherine Baldock et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons AttributionLicense, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properlycited.en
dc.subjectHumans; Metabolic Syndrome X; Walking; Cohort Studies; Cross-Sectional Studies; Health Behavior; Perception; Esthetics; Environment; Housing; Environment Design; Residence Characteristics; Crime; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Health Promotion; South Australia; Female; Male; Young Adulten
dc.titleAssociations between resident perceptions of the local residential environment and metabolic syndromeen
dc.typeJournal articleen
pubs.library.collectionGeography, Environment and Population publicationsen
dc.identifier.orcidHoward, N. [0000-0002-8099-3107]en
dc.identifier.orcidCoffee, N. [0000-0002-5075-0737]en
dc.identifier.orcidTaylor, A. [0000-0002-4422-7974]en
Appears in Collections:Geography, Environment and Population publications
Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications

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