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Type: Conference paper
Title: Improved first responder localization for single-hop and multi-hop networks
Author: Humphrey, David
Sathyan, Thuraiappah
Hedley, Mark
Citation: IEEE/ION Position Location and Navigation Symposium, held in Indian Wells, California, 4-6 May, 2010: pp.498-504
Publisher: IEEE
Issue Date: 2010
ISBN: 9781424450374
ISSN: 2153-358X
Conference Name: IEEE/ION Position Location and Navigation Symposium (2010 : Indian Wells, California, USA)
PLANS 2010
School/Discipline: School of Computer Science
Statement of
David Humphrey, Thuraiappah Sathyan and Mark Hedley
Abstract: In this paper we present a novel algorithm for indoor localization that was developed for first-responder applications and which is based on range measurements between nodes. The common assumption that the range error is normally distributed is far from reality in indoor environments, where the range measurements exhibit a positive bias due to multipath. In our algorithm the range error distribution is estimated from acquired data and, by sampling this distribution, a probability distribution for the location of each mobile node is estimated. The distribution itself can then be taken as the solution for the node location or a specific node location can be extracted from the distribution in a variety of ways. We also extend this algorithm by constructing multihop constraint sets to perform multihop or cooperative localization, which increases the coverage in which the first responders can be tracked compared to a single hop network. The performance of the proposed algorithm is verified using data collected using a network of WASP (wireless ad-hoc system for positioning) nodes in an indoor office environment.
Keywords: Radio localization; cooperation localization; time of arrival ranging
Rights: © Copyright 2010 IEEE - All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020121758
DOI: 10.1109/PLANS.2010.5507252
Appears in Collections:Computer Science publications

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