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Type: Journal article
Title: Non-pharmacological interventions for cancer-related fatigue in men treated for prostate cancer: a systematic review
Author: Larkin, D.
Lopez, V.
Aromataris, E.
Citation: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 2012; 10(57):3674-3811
Publisher: Joanna Briggs Institute
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 2202-4433
Statement of
David Larkin, Violeta Lopez, Edoardo Aromataris
Abstract: BACKGROUND Cancer-related fatigue is the most common, distressing complaint reported by cancer patients and the most frequently reported long-term side effect of treatment for prostate cancer. Despite this, cancer-related fatigue has not received serious attention from health professionals or researchers, particularly in relation to men with prostate cancer. It is important for healthcare professionals to understand effective non-pharmacological interventions for treating cancer-related fatigue. OBJECTIVE To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for managing cancer-related fatigue in men with prostate cancer who are undergoing or have completed treatment. INCLUSION CRITERIA : TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS This review considered men with prostate cancer (regardless of staging, any previous treatment or co morbidities), aged 18 years and over who were undergoing any treatment, or had completed any treatment for prostate cancer within the previous 12 months. TYPES OF INTERVENTIONS This review considered non-pharmacological interventions, including exercise, diet modification, counselling, education, and cognitive behavioral therapy, using other non-pharmacological interventions or standard care as comparators. TYPES OF OUTCOMES Fatigue, as measured by validated tools. TYPES OF STUDIES This review considered randomized controlled trials and experimental studies. SEARCH STRATEGY A three-step search strategy was used to find published studies and papers, limited to English language reports, published between 1990 and March 2012. DATA COLLECTION Data was extracted using a standardized extraction tool from the Joanna Briggs Institute. DATA ANALYSIS Narrative synthesis of the results of included studies was conducted due to the heterogeneous nature of participant populations, interventions and methodologies encountered that precluded statistical meta-analysis. RESULTS Eight studies with 600 participants were included in this review. Three interventions were found to be effective for the management of cancer-related fatigue in men with prostate cancer, either undergoing treatment or having completed treatment within the previous twelve months. The available evidence demonstrated the effectiveness of physical activity, both aerobic and resistance exercise, and psychosocial interventions, including education and cognitive behavioral therapy for improving fatigue in men treated for prostate cancer. CONCLUSION The management of cancer-related fatigue in men treated for prostate cancer requires health professionals to provide patients with a range of options. While physical activity has been shown to have the strongest benefit, other non-pharmacological interventions are beneficial and should also be considered as a strategy in treating this debilitating side effect of cancer and its treatment.
Keywords: Cancer; fatigue; physical activity; prostate cancer; psychosocial; quality of life; systematic review
Rights: © the authors 2012
RMID: 0020128471
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Appears in Collections:Medical Sciences publications

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