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|Title:||Mutations of the ca²⁺-sensing stromal interaction molecule stim1 regulate ca²⁺ influx by altered oligomerization of stim1 and by destabilization of the ca²⁺ channel orai1|
|Other Titles:||Mutations of the ca(2+)-sensing stromal interaction molecule stim1 regulate ca(2+) influx by altered oligomerization of stim1 and by destabilization of the ca(2+) channel orai1|
|Citation:||Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2013; 288(3):1653-1664|
|Publisher:||Amer Soc Biochemistry Molecular Biology Inc|
|Tatiana Kilch, Dalia Alansary, Martin Peglow, Kathrin Dörr, Grigori Rychkov, Heiko Rieger, Christine Peinelt, and Barbara A. Niemeyer|
|Abstract:||A drop of endoplasmic reticulum Ca²⁺ concentration triggers its Ca²⁺ ssensor protein stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) to oligomerize and accumulate within endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions where it activates Orai1 channels, providing store-operated Ca²⁺ entry. To elucidate the functional significance of N-glycosylation sites of STIM1, we created different mutations of asparagine-131 and asparagine-171. STIM1 NN/DQ resulted in a strong gain of function. Patch clamp, Total Internal Reflection Fluorescent (TIRF) microscopy, and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) analyses revealed that expression of STIM1 DQ mutants increases the number of active Orai1 channels and the rate of STIM1 translocation to endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions with a decrease in current latency. Surprisingly, co-expression of STIM1 DQ decreased Orai1 protein, altering the STIM1:Orai1 stoichiometry. We describe a novel mathematical tool to delineate the effects of altered STIM1 or Orai1 diffusion parameters from stoichiometrical changes. The mutant uncovers a novel mechanism whereby “superactive” STIM1 DQ leads to altered oligomerization rate constants and to degradation of Orai1 with a change in stoichiometry of activator (STIM1) to effector (Orai1) ratio leading to altered Ca²⁺ homeostasis.|
|Keywords:||Calcium Channels; Calcium Imaging; Calcium Signaling; Glycosylation; Protein Degradation; Monte Carlo Simulation; Orai1; STIM1; TIRF; Diffusion Trap|
|Rights:||© 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Physiology publications|
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