Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/79983
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dc.contributor.authorMa, Y.en
dc.contributor.authorLombi, E.en
dc.contributor.authorMcLaughlin, M.en
dc.contributor.authorOliver, I.en
dc.contributor.authorNolan, A.en
dc.contributor.authorOorts, K.en
dc.contributor.authorSmolders, E.en
dc.date.issued2013en
dc.identifier.citationChemosphere, 2013; 92(8):962-968en
dc.identifier.issn0045-6535en
dc.identifier.issn1879-1298en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/79983-
dc.description.abstractAlthough aging processes are important in risk assessment for metals in soils, the aging of Ni added to soils has not been studied in detail. In this study, after addition of water soluble Ni to soils, the changes over time in isotopic exchangeability, total concentrations and free Ni(2+) activity in soil pore water, were investigated in 16 European soils incubated outdoors for 18 months. The results showed that after Ni addition, concentrations of Ni in soil pore water and isotopic exchangeability of Ni in soils initially decreased rapidly. This phase was followed by further decreases in the parameters measured but these occurred at slower rates. Increasing soil pH increased the rate and extent of aging reactions. Semi-mechanistic models, based on Ni precipitation/nucleation on soil surfaces and micropore diffusion, were developed and calibrated. The initial fast processes, which were attributed to precipitation/nucleation, occurred over a short time (e.g. 1h), afterwards the slow processes were most likely controlled by micropore diffusion processes. The models were validated by comparing predicted and measured Ni aging in three additional, widely differing soils aged outdoors for periods up to 15 months in different conditions. These models could be used to scale ecotoxicological data generated in short-term studies to longer aging times.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityYibing Ma, Enzo Lombi, Mike J. McLaughlin, Ian W. Oliver, Annette L. Nolan, Koen Oorts, Erik Smoldersen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPergamon-Elsevier Science Ltden
dc.rightsCopyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en
dc.subjectAging; Nickel; E value; Soil; Labile metalen
dc.titleAging of nickel added to soils as predicted by soil pH and timeen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0020130907en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.03.013en
dc.identifier.pubid18567-
pubs.library.collectionAgriculture, Food and Wine publicationsen
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidMcLaughlin, M. [0000-0001-6796-4144]en
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications
Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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