Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/80526
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Type: Journal article
Title: Methodological considerations in designing and evaluating animal-assisted interventions
Author: Stern, C.
Chur-Hansen, A.
Citation: Animals, 2013; 3(1):127-141
Publisher: MDPIAG
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 2076-2615
2076-2615
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Cindy Stern and Anna Chur-Hansen
Abstract: This paper presents a discussion of the literature on animal-assisted interventions and describes limitations surrounding current methodological quality. Benefits to human physical, psychological and social health cannot be empirically confirmed due to the methodological limitations of the existing body of research, and comparisons cannot validly be made across different studies. Without a solid research base animal-assisted interventions will not receive recognition and acceptance as a credible alternative health care treatment. The paper draws on the work of four systematic reviews conducted over April–May 2009, with no date restrictions, focusing exclusively on the use of canine-assisted interventions for older people residing in long-term care. The reviews revealed a lack of good quality studies. Although the literature base has grown in volume since its inception, it predominantly consists of anecdotal accounts and reports. Experimental studies undertaken are often flawed in aspects of design, conduct and reporting. There are few qualitative studies available leading to the inability to draw definitive conclusions. It is clear that due to the complexities associated with these interventions not all weaknesses can be eliminated. However, there are basic methodological weaknesses that can be addressed in future studies in the area. Checklists for quantitative and qualitative research designs to guide future research are offered to help address methodological rigour.
Keywords: animal-assisted interventions; evidence based practice; qualitative; quantitative; methodology
Rights: © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
RMID: 0020131719
DOI: 10.3390/ani3010127
Appears in Collections:Psychiatry publications

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