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Type: Journal article
Title: The oral microbial community of gingivitis and lumpy jaw in captive macropods
Author: Antiabong, J.
Boardman, W.
Moore, R.
Brown, M.
Ball, A.
Citation: Research in Veterinary Science, 2013; 95(3):996-1005
Publisher: W B Saunders Co Ltd
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0034-5288
Statement of
John F. Antiabong, Wayne Boardman, Robert B. Moore, Melissa H. Brown, Andrew S. Ball
Abstract: Gingivitis and lumpy jaw are diseases of polymicrobial aetiology. Although Fusobacterium necrophorum has been associated with these diseases in macropods, little is known about other organisms associated with these diseases in this animal species. PCR-DGGE analysis revealed the potential pathogens associated with gingivitis and lumpy jaw in macropods. PCR-DGGE profile comparison between the healthy and disease groups indicated a shift in the oral bacterial community structures with similarity coefficients of 48% and 35% for gingivitis and lumpy jaw respectively. Moreover, gingivitis was associated with increase in bacterial diversity (Shannon index = 2.87; PL curve = 45%) while lumpy jaw resulted in a decline in bacterial diversity (Shannon index = 2.47; PL curve = 74%). This study suggest that the establishment of gingivitis and lumpy jaw diseases follows the ecological plaque hypothesis. This forms the basis for an expanded investigation in an epidemiological scale and suggests the need for the appropriate choice of antimicrobial agent(s) and for the effective management and control of polymicrobial diseases.
Keywords: Oral diseases; Polymicrobial diseases; Bacterial pathogens; Gingivitis; Lumpy jaw; Macropods
Rights: Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
RMID: 0020133543
DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2013.08.010
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications

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