Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/82029
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Type: Journal article
Title: The exploratory and reflective domain of metaphor in the comparison of religions
Author: Martin, P.
Citation: Zygon, 2013; 48(4):936-965
Publisher: Blackwell Publishers
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0591-2385
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Paul C. Martin
Abstract: There has been a longstanding interest in discovering or uncovering resemblances among what are ostensibly diverse religious schemas by employing a range of methodological approaches and tools. However, it is generally considered a problematic undertaking. Jonathan Z. Smith has produced a large body of work aimed at explicating this and has tacitly based his model of comparison on metaphor, which is traditionally understood to connote similarity between two or more things, as based on a linguistic or pragmatic assessment. However, another possible approach is cognitive. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson have championed the view of “conceptual metaphor,” which regards metaphor as being pervasive not only in language, but also in thought and action. Indeed, according to them, it basically structures our conceptual operations and hence views of the world through partially mapping knowledge across ontological domains, generally from the concrete to the abstract. I shall argue that a similar mechanism can fruitfully be applied to comparing religious schemas, as based on the postulated relationship between the domains of human and divine, physical and abstract, and as realized through expressions of journeying and reflection.
Keywords: cognitive science; comparative religion; conceptual metaphor; conceptual metonymy; mirror; reflection
Rights: © 2013 by the Joint Publication Board of Zygon
RMID: 0020133540
DOI: 10.1111/zygo.12054
Appears in Collections:Philosophy publications

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