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|Title:||Chaperone-assisted selective autophagy is essential for muscle maintenance|
|Citation:||Current Biology, 2010; 20(2):143-148|
|Department:||Division of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Research)|
|Verena Arndt, Nikolaus Dick, Riga Tawo, Michael Dreiseidler, Daniela Wenzel, Michael Hesse, Dieter O. Fürst, Paul Saftig, Robert Saint, Bernd K. Fleischmann, Michael Hoch, and Jörg Höhfeld|
|Abstract:||How are biological structures maintained in a cellular environment that constantly threatens protein integrity? Here we elucidate proteostasis mechanisms affecting the Z disk, a protein assembly essential for actin anchoring in striated muscles, which is subjected to mechanical, thermal, and oxidative stress during contraction . Based on the characterization of the Drosophila melanogaster cochaperone Starvin (Stv), we define a conserved chaperone machinery required for Z disk maintenance. Instead of keeping Z disk proteins in a folded conformation, this machinery facilitates the degradation of damaged components, such as filamin, through chaperone-assisted selective autophagy (CASA). Stv and its mammalian ortholog BAG-3 coordinate the activity of Hsc70 and the small heat shock protein HspB8 during disposal that is initiated by the chaperone-associated ubiquitin ligase CHIP and the autophagic ubiquitin adaptor p62. CASA is thus distinct from chaperone-mediated autophagy, previously shown to facilitate the ubiquitin-independent, direct translocation of a client across the lysosomal membrane . Impaired CASA results in Z disk disintegration and progressive muscle weakness in flies, mice, and men. Our findings reveal the importance of chaperone-assisted degradation for the preservation of cellular structures and identify muscle as a tissue that highly relies on an intact proteostasis network, thereby shedding light on diverse myopathies and aging.|
|Keywords:||Proteins; Cellbio; Humdisease|
|Rights:||©2010 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved|
|Appears in Collections:||Genetics publications|
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