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|Title:||Developmental competence of in vivo and in vitro matured porcine oocytes after subzonal sperm injection|
|Citation:||Molecular Reproduction and Development, 1996; 45(3):359-363|
|Abstract:||In vivo and in vitro matured porcine oocytes were fertilized by subzonal sperm injection (SUZI), and their subsequent development in vitro was examined to determine whether ooplasmic incompetence is the major cause of limited developmental ability of in vitro matured/ fertilized porcine oocytes (Experiment 1). There was no significant difference in rates of fertilization (61% vs. 70%), monospermy (37% vs. 45%), and male pronuclear formation (77% vs. 61%) between in vivo and in vitro matured oocytes. Blastocyst formation rate was significantly lower for in vitro matured oocytes (11% vs. 42%; P < 0.001). Forty-six percent of in vivo matured oocytes cleaved to the 2-4 cell stage by 24 hr in culture after SUZI, compared with 3% of in vitro matured oocytes (P < 0.01). In experiment 2, in vitro development of in vitro matured oocytes with evenly and unevenly granulated cytoplasm were compared after SUZI to examine whether developmentally competent in vitro matured oocytes can be identified on the basis of morphological appearance. Most of the blastocysts obtained developed from oocytes with unevenly granulated cytoplasm (7/56 vs. 1/45; P > 0.05). Experiment 3 revealed that the proportion of oocytes with evenly granulated cytoplasm was originally low (11%) in the population of oocytes used for in vitro maturation, and it increased approximately 3-fold (36%; P < 0.001) after maturation. These results suggest that ooplasmic incompetence in porcine in vitro matured oocytes is the major cause of their limited developmental competence. Cytoplasmic maturation measured by male pronucleus formation does not directly reflect developmental competence of the oocytes. It was also shown that evenness of granulation of the cytoplasm is not a useful morphological indicator of developmental competence.|
|Keywords:||Oocytes; Zygote; Spermatozoa; Animals; Swine; Fertilization in Vitro; Pregnancy; Female; Male|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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