Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/85260
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Type: Journal article
Title: Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF): one of a family of epithelial cell-derived cytokines in the preimplantation uterus
Author: Robertson, S.
Seamark, R.
Citation: Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 1992; 4(4):435-448
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Issue Date: 1992
ISSN: 1031-3613
1448-5990
Statement of
Responsibility: 
SA Robertson and RF Seamark
Abstract: Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is one of a number of lympho-haemapoietic cytokines, including CSF-1, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) now known to be synthesized by epithelial cells in the murine uterus. GM-CSF synthesis is regulated primarily by the ovarian steroid hormone oestrogen, but is also subject to modulation by factors including a seminal component of seminal vesicle origin which stimulates a 20-fold increase in luminal fluid content at mating, and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the T-lymphocyte and natural killer (NK) cell product interferon-gamma (IFN gamma). In the non-pregnant mouse GM-CSF synthesis peaks at oestrus. Synthesis is maintained at comparable or moderately higher levels during the preimplantation period of pregnancy and in the non-decidualized endometrium during mid gestation. An embryotrophic activity is suggested by studies in vitro that indicate that GM-CSF stimulates attachment and outgrowth of blastocysts. It is postulated that GM-CSF is of major importance to the physiology of pregnancy through its role as a component of a local cytokine circuit acting to recruit and regulate function of endometrial leukocytes, and by its action as interlocutor and important effector arm in embryo-maternal interactions during gestation.
Keywords: Uterus; Leukocytes; Animals; Humans; Steroids; Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; Cytokines; Embryonic and Fetal Development; Embryonic Development; Pregnancy; Female; In Vitro Techniques
Rights: © CSIRO 1992
RMID: 0030007291
DOI: 10.1071/RD9920435
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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