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|Title:||The effect of hypoxaemia on drug disposition in chronic respiratory failure|
|Citation:||European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 1996; 50(1):77-82|
|D. Rowett, K. Latimer, L. N. Sansom, R. E. Ruffin, F. May, G. Henderson, P. J. Hayball|
|Abstract:||Objective: The influence of hypoxaemia on the disposition of two common drugs has been examined in ten adults with stable chronic respiratory failure. Methods: There were two experimental periods in this cross-over study: during these periods supplemental oxygen was either withheld or administered to impose clinical hypoxaemia or maintain normoxaemia, respectively. Each participant received either oral (40 mg) or intravenous (20 mg) frusemide combined with oral paracetamol (500 mg) on consecutive days of the two experimental periods. Results: The total (bound plus unbound) plasma clearance of frusemide during hypoxaemia (arterial oxygen tension, PaO2 ≤ 50 Torr) was not significantly different from the value during normoxaemia (PaO2 ≥ 60 Torr) [76.9 and 62.4 ml ⋅ min−1]. The volume of distribution was not affected by acute hypoxaemia (121 ml ⋅ kg−1 without and 109 ml ⋅ kg−1 with oxygen; P > 0.05). Renal and non-renal clearances of frusemide were similar during the period of hypoxaemia (31 and 38 ml ⋅ min−1, respectively) compared to respective values during supplemental oxygen delivery (29 and 32 ml ⋅ min−1). The absolute bioavailability of frusemide during hypoxaemia (0.62) was not different to that obtained during normoxaemia (0.56). The combined sodium and potassium excretion rate (expressed as a function of the frusemide excretion rate) was not altered by changing the oxygen tension. The pharmacokinetics of paracetamol were unaffected by hypoxaemia.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Respiratory Insufficiency; Chronic Disease; Acetaminophen; Furosemide; Analgesics, Non-Narcotic; Hypoglycemic Agents; Cross-Over Studies; Protein Binding; Oxygen Consumption; Biological Availability; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Hypoxia|
|Rights:||© Springer-Verlag 1996|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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