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Type: Journal article
Title: Aging and bone metabolism in African American and Caucasian women
Author: Perry, H.
Horowitz, M.
Morley, J.
Fleming, S.
Jensen, J.
Caccione, P.
Miller, D.
Kaiser, F.
Sundarum, M.
Citation: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 1996; 81(3):1108-1117
Publisher: Endocrine Society
Issue Date: 1996
ISSN: 0021-972X
1945-7197
Statement of
Responsibility: 
H M Perry the third, M Horowitz, J E Morley, S Fleming, J Jensen, P Caccione, D K Miller, F E Kaiser, and M Sundarum
Abstract: There is limited information concerning bone mineral density (BMD) and its determinants across a wide spectrum of ages in African American females (AAF). Therefore, we have performed a cross-sectional study of 54 AAF and 39 Caucasian females (CF), aged 20-90 yr, to quantify femoral and lumbar bone mineral density, total body calcium, as well as the potential determinants of bone density. BMD decreased with age in all sites after age 40 yr in both racial groups. Bone density was greater in AAF than in CF, although there was considerable overlap between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the rate of age-related bone loss between the two groups. At the femoral neck, BMD was below the fracture threshold in 28% of the postmenopausal AAF compared to 47% of postmenopausal CF. L1-L4 BMD was below the fracture threshold in 8% of postmenopausal AAF and 11% of postmenopausal CF. Serum-25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) was inversely related to age in both ethnic groups and lower (P < 0.05) in premenopausal AAF than CF. Twenty-four percent of the AAF and 22% of the CF had serum 25OHD levels of 8 ng/L or less. Serum PTH was directly related to age (r = 0.43; P = 0.003 in AAF and r = 0.55; P = 0.002 in CF), and 25OHD was inversely related to age (r = -0.43; P = 0.003 in AAF and r = -0.65; P < 0.001 in CF). PTH was higher (P < 0.05) in postmenopausal AAF than in CF. Serum testosterone was greater in AAF than in CF (P < 0.05). Serum estradiol was greater in premenopausal AAF than in CF. Serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate was inversely related to age (r = 0.42; P = 0.004 in AAF and r = 0.51; P = 0.005 in CF). Serum osteocalcin was related to age in AAF (r = 0.47 P = 0.001), but not in CF. There was also a trend for an increase in urinary dipyridinoline (expressed per 100 mg urinary creatinine) with age (r = 0.31; P = 0.055 in AAF and r = 0.37; P = 0.066 in CF). Both lean and fat mass were major determinants of femoral neck BMD in AAF. Femoral BMD was directly related to body weight and body mass index in both races. Serum 25OHD and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate approached statistical significance as independent predictors of femoral BMD in AAF. We conclude that in AAF, 1) bone density is higher than in CF, but there is a significant risk of fracture in a substantial number of subjects on the basis of BMD; 2) there is no difference in rates of age-related bone loss compared to those in CF; 3) both lean and fat mass are significant determinants of bone density; 4) serum estradiol and testosterone were higher than those in CF; and 5) aging is associated with increased bone turnover, 25OHD deficiency, and secondary hyperparathyroidism in both races. The absence of a difference in rates of bone loss between AAF and CF despite higher serum levels of PTH is compatible with the concept of a relative skeletal resistance to PTH in AAF.
Keywords: Bone and Bones; Humans; Calcium; Calcifediol; Hormones; Parathyroid Hormone; Body Mass Index; Body Height; Body Composition; Aging; Bone Density; Osmolar Concentration; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Middle Aged; African Continental Ancestry Group; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female
Rights: © 1996 by the Endocrine Society
RMID: 0030004892
DOI: 10.1210/jcem.81.3.8772584
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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