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Type: Journal article
Title: Modification and validation of a single isotope radiocalcium absorption test
Author: Nordin, B.
Morris, H.
Wishart, J.
Scopacasa, F.
Horowitz, M.
Need, A.
Clifton, P.
Citation: Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 1998; 39(1):108-113
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0161-5505
Abstract: This study was done to establish and allow for the influence of body weight on plasma radioactivity after administering radiocalcium to measure calcium absorption. METHODS: We administered 5 microCi 45Ca in 20 mg of calcium carrier in 250 ml distilled water to 103 premenopausal volunteers over the age of 40 yr, after an overnight fast. Venous blood was withdrawn when the dose was given (to serve as a blank) and exactly 60 min later, and the counts were determined in a liquid scintillation counter. After the exclusion of three outliers, the fraction of the administered dose per liter of plasma at 60 min was a curvilinear inverse function of body weight and a positive linear function of the reciprocal of body weight, with an r value of 0.45 (p < 0.001). This latter relationship then was used to correct the plasma radioactivity to a standard body weight of 65 kg, in which the volume of distribution of the dose was assumed to be 10 liters. This yielded the estimated fraction of the dose circulating at 1 hr, which then was converted into a fractional absorption rate from our previously published equation. RESULTS: In the 100 volunteers, the mean value of the radiocalcium absorption rate (termed alpha2, to distinguish it from our original calculation) was 0.75/hr, with 98 of the 100 values falling between 0.30 and 1.20. The value alpha2 was significantly related to serum calcitriol in these 100 volunteers (r = 0.29; p = 0.003) and in 89 normal postmenopausal women (r = 0.46; p < 0.001). It also was significantly related to the 24-hr urine calcium in the same 89 women (r = 0.48; p < 0.001) and to net calcium absorption corrected for intake in balance studies on another 103 postmenopausal women (r = 0.44; p < 0.001). In most respects, alpha2 was marginally superior to alpha1 but, unlike alpha1, was independent of body weight. CONCLUSION: The modified low-carrier radiocalcium absorption test is a valid indicator of calcium absorption status over a wide range of calcium intakes and is independent of body weight.
Keywords: Humans; Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal; Body Weight; Calcium, Dietary; Calcium; Calcium Radioisotopes; Calcitriol; Case-Control Studies; Reproducibility of Results; Postmenopause; Premenopause; Time Factors; Middle Aged; Female
RMID: 0030004848
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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