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|Title:||Lower oesophageal sphincter responses to noxious oesophageal chemical stimuli in the ferret: involvement of tachykinin receptors|
|Citation:||Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System, 1997; 66(3):189-200|
|L.A Blackshaw, J Dent|
|Abstract:||Repeated oesophageal acidification is a definitive feature of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, which in turn is caused by relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS). This study in anaesthetised ferrets investigates the reflex pathways involved in effects of oesophageal acidification on motor function of the LOS, with particular focus on the role of tachykinins. LOS pressure was monitored with a perfused micromanometric sleeve assembly. Oesophageal acidification reduced LOS pressure by 48 +/- 5% until washout with saline. This reduction became larger with repeated tests, and was unaffected in amplitude by acute bilateral vagotomy, although the response became slower in onset. Intra-oesophageal capsaicin (0.5% solution) caused a 68 +/- 17% decrease in LOS pressure which remained unchanged with repeated tests. The NK-1 receptor antagonist CP96,345 (1-5 mg/kg intravenous (i.v.) blocked the post-vagotomy LOS responses to both intra-luminal acid and capsaicin. Close intra-arterial (i.a.) injections of capsaicin (1-100 micrograms) gut induced LOS relaxation which was neither vagally nor NK-1 receptor-mediated. Substance P or the selective NK-1 receptor agonist [Sar9, Met(O2)11] substance P (25-500 ng close i.a.) caused a biphasic LOS response, consisting of initial brief contraction followed by prolonged, dose-dependent relaxation. Tetrodotoxin (10 micrograms/kg close i.a.) changed the biphasic response to substance P to excitation only. The neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist CP96,345 (0.3-10 mg/kg i.v.) dose-dependently reduced the inhibitory response to substance P. The excitatory phase of the response to substance P was larger and prolonged after guanethidine (5 mg/kg, i.v.), or propranolol (1 mg/kg, i.v.). L-NAME (100 mg/kg i.v.) reduced the inhibitory phase. The selective NK-2 receptor agonist [beta-Ala8] neurokinin A(4-10) caused LOS excitation only. These data indicate that intra-oesophageal acid causes substance P release from extrinsic afferent nerve endings which activates local inhibitory pathways to the LOS via NK-1 receptors.|
|Keywords:||Oesophagus; Sphincter; Tachykinin; Axon reflex; Capsaicin|
|Rights:||© 1997 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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