Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/97853
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Type: Journal article
Title: The extramedical use and diversion of opioid substitution medications and other medications in prison settings in Australia following the introduction of buprenorphine-naloxone film
Author: White, N.
Ali, R.
Larance, B.
Zador, D.
Mattick, R.
Degenhardt, L.
Citation: Drug and Alcohol Review, 2016; 35(1):76-82
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0959-5236
1465-3362
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Nancy White, Robert Ali, Briony Larance, Deborah Zador, Richard P. Mattick, and Louisa Degenhardt
Abstract: Around 65% of people incarcerated in prisons in Australia, America and Europe have a history of drug dependence, sometimes treated with opioid substitution treatment (OST) medications. Studies report that those in treatment in prison do engage in some level of diversion to others, whether on a voluntary or coerced basis. We aimed to examine the use of prescribed and non-prescribed OST medications by those in prisons, especially buprenorphine-naloxone film (BNX-F); the extent of non-adherence and diversion and reasons for such practices; and the impact of the introduction of BNX-F into the prison system.Mixed methods study drawing on: (i) structured interviews with current OST clients (n = 60) who reported being incarcerated in the 12 months prior to being interviewed and (ii) qualitative interviews with key experts working in corrections and prison (or justice) health settings.The majority were prescribed OST medications in prison, with 25% removing all or part of their supervised dose on at least one occasion, and 44% reporting use of non-prescribed medications. Some reported intravenous use (14% injected). One-third of OST recipients reported selling/sharing OST medications with others in prison. The introduction of BNX-F into the prison system saw different diversion methods used and removal from dosing within prison.Despite prison being a highly regulated and controlled environment, some level of diversion and sharing of psychoactive medication occurs among prisoners. The buprenorphine formulations used in OST present particular challenges with respect to supervised dosing in this setting.
Keywords: buprenorphine-naloxone; diversion; methadone; opioid substitution treatment; prison
Rights: © 2015 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs
RMID: 0030034847
DOI: 10.1111/dar.12317
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1041472
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1073858
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1045318
Appears in Collections:Medical Sciences publications

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