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|Title:||Sandwich-like nitrogen-doped porous carbon/graphene nanoflakes with high-rate capacitive performance|
|Citation:||Nanoscale, 2016; 8(15):7889-7898|
|Publisher:||Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Yu Zhang, Binglin Tao, Wei Xing, Lei Zhang, Qingzhong Xue and Zifeng Yan|
|Abstract:||Sandwich-like nitrogen-doped porous carbon/graphene nanoflakes (NPCFs) are prepared via a two-step approach, firstly by using in situ polymerization of pyrrole (Py) on the surface of graphene oxide (GO) and then by KOH activation under an Ar atmosphere. As the shape-directing agent and conductive matrix, graphene sheets play an important role in enhancing NPCFs' electrochemical performance. The NPCFs exhibit high specific surface area (2502 m² g⁻¹), short ion diffusion path (ca. 30 nm), high conductivity (72 S m⁻¹) and a considerable nitrogen level (6.3 wt%). These intriguing features render NPCFs a promising electrode material for electrochemical supercapacitors, which displays high specific capacitance (341 F g⁻¹), excellent rate capability (over 71% retention ratio at 50 A g⁻¹) and outstanding cycling stability (almost no capacitance loss after 2000 cycles) in a 30 wt% KOH aqueous electrolyte. Besides, the assembled symmetrical supercapacitor delivers a high gravimetric energy density of 11.3 Wh kg⁻¹ in an aqueous electrolyte and 66.4 Wh kg⁻¹ in an organic electrolyte.|
|Rights:||This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
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