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|Title:||Persulfate activation on crystallographic manganese oxides: mechanism of singlet oxygen evolution for nonradical selective degradation of aqueous contaminants|
|Citation:||Environmental Science and Technology, 2019; 53(1):307-315|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Shishu Zhu, Xiaojie Li, Jian Kang, Xiaoguang Duan and Shaobin Wang|
|Abstract:||Minerals and transitional metal oxides of earth-abundant elements are desirable catalysts for in situ chemical oxidation in environmental remediation. However, catalytic activation of peroxydisulfate (PDS) by manganese oxides was barely investigated. In this study, one-dimension manganese dioxides (α- and β-MnO₂) were discovered as effective PDS activators among the diverse manganese oxides for selective degradation of organic contaminants. Compared with other chemical states and crystallographic structures of manganese oxide, β-MnO₂ nanorods exhibited the highest phenol degradation rate (0.044 min⁻¹, 180 min) by activating PDS. A comprehensive study was conducted utilizing electron paramagnetic resonance, chemical probes, radical scavengers, and different solvents to identity the reactive oxygen species (ROS). Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) was unveiled to be the primary ROS, which was generated by direct oxidation or recombination of superoxide ions and radicals from a metastable manganese intermediate at neutral pH. The study dedicates to the first mechanistic study into PDS activation over manganese oxides and provides a novel catalytic system for selective removal of organic contaminants in wastewater.|
|Rights:||© 2018 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
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