Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/117797
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Type: Journal article
Title: Persulfate activation on crystallographic manganese oxides: mechanism of singlet oxygen evolution for nonradical selective degradation of aqueous contaminants
Author: Zhu, S.
Li, X.
Kang, J.
Duan, X.
Wang, S.
Citation: Environmental Science and Technology, 2019; 53(1):307-315
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0013-936X
1520-5851
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Shishu Zhu, Xiaojie Li, Jian Kang, Xiaoguang Duan and Shaobin Wang
Abstract: Minerals and transitional metal oxides of earth-abundant elements are desirable catalysts for in situ chemical oxidation in environmental remediation. However, catalytic activation of peroxydisulfate (PDS) by manganese oxides was barely investigated. In this study, one-dimension manganese dioxides (α- and β-MnO₂) were discovered as effective PDS activators among the diverse manganese oxides for selective degradation of organic contaminants. Compared with other chemical states and crystallographic structures of manganese oxide, β-MnO₂ nanorods exhibited the highest phenol degradation rate (0.044 min⁻¹, 180 min) by activating PDS. A comprehensive study was conducted utilizing electron paramagnetic resonance, chemical probes, radical scavengers, and different solvents to identity the reactive oxygen species (ROS). Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) was unveiled to be the primary ROS, which was generated by direct oxidation or recombination of superoxide ions and radicals from a metastable manganese intermediate at neutral pH. The study dedicates to the first mechanistic study into PDS activation over manganese oxides and provides a novel catalytic system for selective removal of organic contaminants in wastewater.
Rights: © 2018 American Chemical Society
RMID: 0030105894
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b04669
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP170104264
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering publications

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