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Type: Journal article
Title: Fractionated abdominal irradiation induces intestinal microvascular changes in an in vivo model of radiotherapy-induced gut toxicity
Author: Stansborough, R.
Bateman, E.
Al-Dasooqi, N.
Bowen, J.
Keefe, D.
Yeoh, A.
Logan, R.
Yeoh, E.
Stringer, A.
Gibson, R.
Citation: Supportive Care in Cancer, 2017; 25(6):1973-1983
Publisher: Springer Nature
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0941-4355
Statement of
Romany L. Stansborough, Emma H. Bateman, Noor Al-Dasooqi, Joanne M. Bowen, Dorothy M.K. Keefe, Ann S.J. Yeoh, Richard M. Logan, Eric E.K. Yeoh, Andrea M. Stringer, Rachel J. Gibson
Abstract: Purpose: Radiotherapy-induced gut toxicity (RIGT) is associated with diarrhoea, pain and rectal bleeding and can occur as an acute or chronic toxicity. The microvasculature has been shown to be altered in the development of RIGT; however, the features are not yet characterized. We hypothesized that apoptosis of microvascular cells would occur early in the gastrointestinal tract following fractionated irradiation, followed by late microvascular changes, including sclerosis and telangiectasis. Methods: Female Dark Agouti rats were treated with a 6-week fractionated radiation schedule of 3 × 2.5 Gy doses per week localized to the abdomen. At 3, 6 and 15 weeks, the intestines were assessed for markers of acute and chronic injury including morphological changes, collagen deposition, apoptosis and proliferation. Results: Apoptosis of microvascular cells significantly increased at 6 and 15 weeks in the jejunum (p = 0.0026 and p = 0.0062, respectively) and at 6 and 15 weeks in the colon (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0005, respectively) in rats receiving fractionated radiation to the abdomen. Histopathological changes of the colon microvasculature were also seen from week 3, including thickening of the lamina propria and dilated, thickened, telangiectatic vessels. Conclusions: Findings of this study provide evidence of regional and timing-specific changes in the intestinal microvasculature in response to fractionated radiotherapy which may play a role in development of both acute and chronic RIGT.
Keywords: Mucositis; radiotherapy; microvasculature; gastrointestinal; apoptosis
Rights: © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017
RMID: 0030064199
DOI: 10.1007/s00520-017-3601-3
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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