Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/17433
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Type: Journal article
Title: War zone stress without direct combat: The Australian naval experience of the Gulf War
Author: Ikin, J.
McKenzie, D.
Creamer, M.
McFarlane, A.
Kelsall, H.
Glass, D.
Forbes, A.
Horsley, K.
Harrex, W.
Sim, M.
Citation: Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2005; 18(3):193-204
Publisher: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0894-9867
1573-6598
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Jillian F. Ikin, Dean P. McKenzie, Mark C. Creamer, Alexander C. McFarlane, Helen L. Kelsall, Deborah C. Glass, Andrew B. Forbes, Keith W.A. Horsley, Warren K. Harrex, Malcolm R. Sim
Abstract: This study examines psychological stressors reported by Australian Navy Gulf War veterans in relation to the 1991 Gulf War and other military service. Using a 44-item questionnaire, veterans reported few direct-combat encounters during the Gulf War; however, they reported many other stressful experiences, including fear of death and perceived threat of attack, more frequently in relation to the Gulf War than other military service. Reporting of stressful experiences was associated with younger age, lower rank, and deployment at the height of the conflict. These experiences may partly explain increased rates of psychological disorders previously demonstrated in this Navy veteran population. Findings highlight the importance of documenting war experiences in close proximity to deployment, and developing war exposure instruments which include naval activities and which reflect stressors other than those related to direct combat.
Keywords: Humans; Health Surveys; Logistic Models; Risk Factors; Task Performance and Analysis; Combat Disorders; Naval Medicine; Age Factors; Gulf War; Adult; Middle Aged; Veterans; Australia; Male
Description: Published in Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2005; 18 (3):193-204 at www.interscience.wiley.com
RMID: 0020051420
DOI: 10.1002/jts.20028
Appears in Collections:Psychiatry publications

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