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Type: Journal article
Title: Double depression in an Australian population
Author: Goldney, R.
Fisher, L.
Citation: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2004; 39(11):921-926
Publisher: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0933-7954
Statement of
Robert D. Goldney and Laura J. Fisher
Abstract: Background: Double depression, or dysthymia with superimposed major depression, is a major public health issue that imposes considerable burden on the community. Double depression and its associated morbidity have not previously been delineated in an Australian population. Methods: A random and representative sample of the South Australian population was assessed by trained interviewers. The mood module of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), the Short-Form Health Status Questionnaire (SF-36), and Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) instruments were administered, and data related to treatment use and role functioning were collated. Results: Double depression was present in 2.2% of the population. This group reported high levels of treatment-seeking behaviour with 90% seeking treatment in the last month and 42.4 % taking antidepressants. They also had a highly significantly poorer quality of life than did others in the community. Conclusions: The 2.2% of the population with double depression reported high use of services with poor functioning and health-related quality of life. More effective intervention strategies are required.
Keywords: Australia; major depression; dysthymia; double depression; quality of life
Description: The original publication can be found at
RMID: 0020041020
DOI: 10.1007/s00127-004-0832-7
Appears in Collections:Psychiatry publications

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