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|Title:||Cumulative sedimentation analysis of Escherichia coli debris size|
|Citation:||Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 1997; 55(3):556-564|
|Abstract:||A new method to measure Escherichia coli cell debris size after homogenization is presented. It is based on cumulative sedimentation analysis under centrifugal force, coupled with Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate-Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of sedimented proteins. The effects that fermentation and homogenization conditions have on the resulting debris distributions were investigated using this method. Median debris size decreased significantly from approximately 0.5 microm to 0.3 microm as the number of homogenization passes increased from 2 to 10. Under identical homogenization conditions, uninduced host cells in stationary phase had a larger debris size than exponential cells after 5 homogenizer passes. This difference was not evident after 2 or 10 passes, possibly because of confounding intact cells and the existence of a minimum debris size for the conditions investigated. Recombinant cells containing protein inclusion bodies had the smallest debris size following homogenization. The method was also used to measure the size distribution of inclusion bodies. This result compared extremely well with an independent determination using centrifugal disc photosedimentation (CDS), thus validating the method. This is the first method that provides accurate size distributions of E. coli debris without the need for sample pretreatment, theoretical approximations (e.g. extinction coefficients), or the separation of debris and inclusion bodies prior to analysis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 2|
Chemical Engineering publications
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