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|Title:||Correlation between OFF and ON channels underlies dark target selectivity in an insect visual system|
|Citation:||Journal of Neuroscience, 2013; 33(32):13225-13232|
|Steven D. Wiederman, Patrick A. Shoemaker and David C. O’Carroll|
|Abstract:||In both vertebrates and invertebrates, evidence supports separation of luminance increments and decrements (ON and OFF channels) in early stages of visual processing (Hartline, 1938; Joesch et al., 2010); however, less is known about how these parallel pathways are recombined to encode form and motion. In Drosophila, genetic knockdown of inputs to putative ON and OFF pathways and direct recording from downstream neurons in the wide-field motion pathway reveal that local elementary motion detectors exist in pairs that separately correlate contrast polarity channels, ON with ON and OFF with OFF (Joesch et al., 2013). However, behavioral responses to reverse-phi motion of discrete features reveal additional correlations of the opposite signs (Clark et al., 2011). We here present intracellular recordings from feature detecting neurons in the dragonfly that provide direct physiological evidence for the correlation of OFF and ON pathways. These neurons show clear polarity selectivity for feature contrast, responding strongly to targets that are darker than the background and only weakly to dark contrasting edges. These dark target responses are much stronger than the linear combination of responses to ON and OFF edges. We compare these data with output from elementary motion detector-based models (Eichner et al., 2011; Clark et al., 2011), with and without stages of strong center-surround antagonism. Our data support an alternative elementary small target motion detector model, which derives dark target selectivity from the correlation of a delayed OFF with an un-delayed ON signal at each individual visual processing unit (Wiederman et al., 2008, 2009).|
|Keywords:||Visual Pathways; Neurons; Animals; Insects; Photic Stimulation; Motion Perception; Action Potentials; Visual Fields; Darkness; Models, Neurological; Time Factors; Female; Male; Statistics as Topic|
|Rights:||© 2013 the authors|
|Appears in Collections:||Physiology publications|
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