Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/96786
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Type: Journal article
Title: Major dietary patterns in relation to general and central obesity among Chinese adults
Author: Yu, C.
Shi, Z.
Lv, J.
Du, H.
Qi, L.
Guo, Y.
Bian, Z.
Chang, L.
Tang, X.
Jiang, Q.
Mu, H.
Pan, D.
Chen, J.
Chen, Z.
Li, L.
Citation: Nutrients, 2015; 7(7):5834-5849
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 2072-6643
2072-6643
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Canqing Yu, Zumin Shi, Jun Lv, Huaidong Du, Lu Qi, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Liang Chang, Xuefeng Tang, Qilian Jiang, Huaiyi Mu, Dongxia Pan, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen and Liming Li
Abstract: Limited evidence exists for the association between diet pattern and obesity phenotypes among Chinese adults. In the present study, we analyzed the cross-sectional data from 474,192 adults aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank baseline survey. Food consumption was collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis combined with cluster analysis. After being adjusted for potential confounders, individuals following a traditional southern dietary pattern had the lowest body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC); the Western/new affluence dietary pattern had the highest BMI; and the traditional northern dietary pattern had the highest WC. Compared to the traditional southern dietary pattern in multivariable adjusted logistic models, individuals following a Western/new affluence dietary pattern had a significantly increased risk of general obesity (prevalence ratio (PR): 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.08) and central obesity (PR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.06-1.08). The corresponding risks for the traditional northern dietary pattern were 1.05 (1.02-1.09) and 1.17 (1.25-1.18), respectively. In addition, the associations were modified by lifestyle behaviors, and the combined effects with alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and physical activity were analyzed. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the diet-obesity relationships.
Keywords: dietary pattern; general obesity; central obesity; body mass index; waist circumference; cross-sectional study
Description: Published: 15 July 2015
Rights: © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
RMID: 0030032015
DOI: 10.3390/nu7075253
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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